Aims Several studies have reported the safety and efficacy of subcapital re-alignment for patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) using surgical dislocation of the hip and an extended retinacular flap. Instability of the hip and dislocation as a consequence of this surgery has only recently gained attention. We discuss this problem with some illustrative cases.
Materials and Methods We explored the literature on the possible pathophysiological causes and surgical steps associated with the risk of post-operative instability and articular damage. In addition, we describe supplementary steps that could be used to avoid these problems.
Results The causes of instability may be divided into three main groups: the first includes causes directly related to SCFE (acetabular labral damage, severe abrasion of the acetabular cartilage, flattening of the acetabular roof and a bell-shaped deformity of the epiphysis); the second, causes not related to the SCFE (acetabular orientation and poor quality of the soft tissues); the third, causes directly related to the surgery (capsulotomy, division of the ligamentum teres, shortening of the femoral neck, pelvi-trochanteric impingement, previous proximal femoral osteotomy and post-operative positioning of the leg).
Conclusion We present examples drawn from our clinical practice, as well as possible ways of reducing the risks of these complications, and of correcting them if they happen.
Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:16–21.
A. Aprato: Case collection, Data analysis, Writing the paper.
M. Leunig: Case collection, Data analysis, Editing the manuscript.
A. Massè: Case collection, Data analysis, Editing the manuscript.
T. Slongo: Case collection, Data analysis.
R. Ganz: Road map, Case collection, Data analysis, Final editing.
No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article.
This article was primary edited by G. Scott and first proof edited by J. Scott.
- Received June 15, 2016.
- Accepted August 9, 2016.
- ©2017 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery