Slipped capital femoral epiphysis associated with vitamin D deficiency

A series of 15 cases

V. Madhuri, S. K. Arora, V. Dutt

Abstract

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is uncommon in India and we routinely look for associated metabolic or endocrine abnormalities. In this study we investigated a possible association between vitamin D deficiency and SCFE. All children presenting with SCFE during the study period had their 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels measured as part of an overall metabolic, renal and endocrine status evaluation, which included measurement of body mass index (BMI). Vitamin D status was compared with age-, gender- and habitat-matched controls with acute trauma or sepsis presenting to our emergency department.

A total of 15 children (12 boys and three girls) with a mean age of 13 years (sd 1.81; 10 to 16) presented for treatment for SCFE during a two-year period beginning in January 2010. Renal and thyroid function was within the normal range in all cases. The mean BMI was 24.9 kg/m2 (17.0 to 33.8), which was significantly higher than that of the controls (p = 0.006). There was a statistically significant difference between the mean values of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the children with SCFE and the controls (11.78 ng/ml (sd 5.4) versus 27.06 ng/ml (sd 5.53), respectively; p < 0.001). We concluded that, along with high BMI, there is a significant association of vitamin D deficiency and SCFE in India.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:851–4.

Footnotes

  • The authors would like to thank Professor N. Walter, FRCPath, for his help with revision of the manuscript.

    No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article.

    This article was primary edited by M. Paterson and first-proof edited by G. Scott.

  • Received September 3, 2012.
  • Accepted February 19, 2013.
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