The painful subluxed or dislocated hip in adults with cerebral palsy presents a challenging problem. Prosthetic dislocation and heterotopic ossification are particular concerns. We present the first reported series of 19 such patients (20 hips) treated with hip resurfacing and proximal femoral osteotomy. The pre-operative Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) was level V in 13 (68%) patients, level IV in three (16%), level III in one (5%) and level II in two (11%). The mean age at operation was 37 years (13 to 57).
The mean follow-up was 8.0 years (2.7 to 11.6), and 16 of the 18 (89%) contactable patients or their carers felt that the surgery had been worthwhile. Pain was relieved in 16 of the 18 surviving hips (89%) at the last follow-up, and the GMFCS level had improved in seven (37%) patients. There were two (10%) early dislocations; three hips (15%) required revision of femoral fixation, and two hips (10%) required revision, for late traumatic fracture of the femoral neck and extra-articular impingement, respectively. Hence there were significant surgical complications in a total of seven hips (35%). No hips required revision for instability, and there were no cases of heterotopic ossification.
We recommend hip resurfacing with proximal femoral osteotomy for the treatment of the painful subluxed or dislocated hip in patients with cerebral palsy.
The author or one or more of the authors have received or will receive benefits for personal or professional use from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article.
- Received July 13, 2011.
- Accepted January 6, 2012.
- ©2012 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery