Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is commonly associated with early hip arthritis. We reviewed our series of 1300 hip resurfacing procedures. More than 90% of our male patients, with an average age of 53 years, had cam impingement lesions. In this condition, there are anterior femoral neck osteophytes, and a retroverted femoral head on a normally anteverted neck. It is postulated that FAI results in collision of the anterior neck of the femur against the rim of the acetabulum, causing damage to the acetabular labrum and articular cartilage, resulting in osteoarthritis. Early treatment of FAI involves arthroscopic or open removal of bone from the anterior femoral neck, as well as repair or removal of labral tears. However, once osteoarthritis has developed, hip replacement or hip resurfacing is indicated. Hip resurfacing can re-orient the head and re-shape the neck. This helps to restore normal biomechanics to the hip, eliminate FAI, and improve range of motion. Since many younger men with hip arthritis have FAI, and are also considered the best candidates for hip resurfacing, it is evident that resurfacing has a role in these patients.
The author or one or more of the authors have received or will receive benefits for personal or professional use from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article.
This paper is based on a study which was presented at the Winter 2011 Current Concepts in Joint Replacement meeting in Orlando, Florida, 7th – 10th December.
- Received August 15, 2012.
- Accepted August 15, 2012.
- ©2012 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery