The success of total knee replacement (TKR) depends on optimal soft-tissue balancing, among many other factors. The objective of this study is to correlate post-operative anteroposterior (AP) translation of a posterior cruciate ligament-retaining TKR with clinical outcome at two years. In total 100 patients were divided into three groups based on their AP translation as measured by the KT-1000 arthrometer. Group 1 patients had AP translation < 5 mm, Group 2 had AP translation from 5 mm to 10 mm, and Group 3 had AP translation > 10 mm. Outcome assessment included range of movement of the knee, the presence of flexion contractures, hyperextension, knee mechanical axes and functional outcome using the Knee Society score, Oxford knee score and the Short-Form 36 questionnaire.
At two years, patients in Group 2 reported significantly better Oxford knee scores than the other groups (p = 0.045). A positive correlation between range of movement and AP translation was noted, with patients in group 3 having the greatest range of movement (mean flexion: 117.9° (106° to 130°)) (p < 0.001). However, significantly more patients in Group 3 developed hyperextension > 10° (p = 0.01).
In this study, the best outcome for cruciate-ligament retaining TKR was achieved in patients with an AP translation of 5 mm to 10 mm.
No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article.
- Received November 24, 2011.
- Accepted June 1, 2012.
- ©2012 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery