Physical, mechanical and pharmacological properties of coloured bone cement with and without antibiotics

O. Galasso, M. Mariconda, G. Calonego, G. Gasparini

Abstract

Coloured bone cements have been introduced to make the removal of cement debris easier at the time of primary and revision joint replacement. We evaluated the physical, mechanical and pharmacological effects of adding methylene blue to bone cement with or without antibiotics (gentamicin, vancomycin or both). The addition of methylene blue to plain cement significantly decreased its mean setting time (570 seconds (sd 4) vs 775 seconds (sd 11), p = 0.01), mean compression strength (95.4 MPa (sd 3) vs 100.1 MPa (sd 6), p = 0.03), and mean bending strength (65.2 MPa (sd 5) vs 76.6 MPa (sd 4), p < 0.001) as well as its mean elastic modulus (2744 MPa (sd 97) vs 3281 MPa (sd 110), p < 0.001). The supplementation of the coloured cement with vancomycin and gentamicin decreased its mean bending resistance (55.7 MPa (sd 4) vs 65.2 MPa (sd 5), p < 0.001).The methylene blue significantly decreased the mean release of gentamicin alone (228.2 µg (sd 24) vs 385.5 µg (sd 26), p < 0.001) or in combination with vancomycin (498.5 µg (sd 70) vs 613 µg (sd 25), p = 0.018) from the bone cement. This study demonstrates several theoretical disadvantages of the antibiotic-loaded bone cement coloured with methylene blue.

Footnotes

  • The authors would like to thank Tecres SpA (Verona, Italy), for providing laboratories to perform the tests of this study. No funds or grants have been received from Tecres SpA.

    No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article.

  • Received March 17, 2011.
  • Accepted July 12, 2011.
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