Management of tibial bone defects with metal augmentation in primary total knee replacement

A minimum five-year review

J. K. Lee, C. H. Choi


Bone defects are occasionally encountered during primary total knee replacement (TKR) and cause difficulty in establishing a stable well-aligned bone-implant interface. Between March 1999 and November 2005, 59 knees in 43 patients underwent primary TKR with a metal block augmentation for tibial bone deficiency. In all, six patients (eight knees) died less than four years post-operatively, and four patients (five knees) were lost to follow-up leaving 46 knees in 33 patients available for review at a mean of 78.6 months (62 to 129). The clinical results obtained, including range of movement, American Knee Society and Oxford knee scores, and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index, were good to excellent, with no failures. Radiolucent lines at the block-cement-bone interface were noted in five knees (11%) during the first post-operative year, but these did not progress.

Modular rectangular metal augmentation for tibial bone deficiency is a useful option. No deterioration of the block-prosthesis or block-cement-bone interface was seen at minimum of five years follow-up.


  • No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article.

  • Received May 11, 2011.
  • Accepted June 10, 2011.
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