We report the outcome of 135 knees with anteromedial osteoarthritis in which the Oxford meniscal-bearing unicompartmental arthroplasty was inserted in a district general hospital by a single surgeon. All the knees had an intact anterior cruciate ligament, a correctable varus deformity and the lateral compartment was uninvolved or had only minor osteoarthritis. The mean follow-up was 5.82 years (2 to 12).
Using revision as the end-point, the outcome for every knee was established. Five knees have been revised giving a cumulative rate of survival of the prosthesis at ten years of 94.04% (95% confidence interval 84.0 to 97.8). Knee rating and patient function were assessed using the modified Knee Society scoring system. The mean knee score was 92.2 (51 to 100) and the mean functional score 76.2 (51 to 100).
The survival of the implant is comparable to that reported by the designers of the prosthesis and not significantly different from that for total knee replacement. Unicompartmental knee replacement offers a viable alternative in patients with medial osteoarthritis. Appropriate selection of patients and good surgical technique are the key factors.
- Received November 19, 2003.
- Accepted March 25, 2004.
- © 2004 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery