A total of 344 patients underwent bilateral total knee replacement (TKR) using a different prosthesis on each side. Four knee prostheses were used: anterior and posterior cruciate-retaining (ACL-PCL), posterior cruciate-retaining (PCL), medial or lateral pivot (MLP), and posterior cruciate-substituting (PS).
All patients had good or excellent results. The range of movement, relief from pain, alignment, and stability did not vary among any of the prostheses.
Forty-one of 46 patients (89%) preferred the ACL-PCL to the PS knee and 27 of 35 patients (77%) the MLP knee to the PS knee. Of the patients with an ACL-PCL knee on one side and a MLP on the other, an equal number preferred each type. The MLP knee was preferred to the PCL by 34 (79%) patients. PS and PCL knees were preferred equally. Patients with bilateral TKRs preferred retention of both their cruciate ligaments or substitution with a medial or lateral pivot prosthesis.
- Received September 24, 2003.
- Accepted March 24, 2004.
- © 2004 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery