We studied 55 patients with stage-IIB osteosarcoma around the knee with respect to the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in the surviving tumour cells in surgical resection specimens. They were followed up for a minimum of 2.5 years.
Factors significantly associated with poor overall survival were a high serum level of alkaline phosphatase at diagnosis and tumour cells expressing MMP-9 in the resection specimens. The only factor strongly associated with disease-free survival was the immunohistochemical status of tumour cells for MMP-9 in the resection specimens. The percentage of necrosis after chemotherapy failed marginally to reach statistical significance. On Cox regression analysis only MMP-9 remained significant for overall and disease-free survival.
- Received June 8, 2001.
- Accepted January 30, 2002.
- © 2002 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery