We evaluated scapular dysplasia and malposition in 15 patients with the Sprengel deformity using three-dimensional CT (3D-CT). The shape, height-to-width ratio, the areas of both scapulae, the anterior curvature of the supraspinous portion and glenoid version were assessed on scapular posterior, medial and inferior views. The degree of rotation and superior displacement were measured on the trunk posterior view. The omovertebral connection was also assessed and correlated with the operative findings.
Most of the affected scapulae had a characteristic shape with a decrease in the height-to-width ratio and were larger than the contralateral scapulae. There was an inverse relationship between scapular rotation and superior displacement. The typical curve of the supraspinous portion of the scapula was seen in only three cases. There was no significant difference in glenoid version. The point of tethering of the omovertebral connection may determine the shape, rotation and superior displacement of the scapula. 3D-CT was helpful in delineating the deformity in detail, and in planning scapuloplasty.
- Received July 21, 1999.
- Accepted January 18, 2000.
- © 2000 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery