Intramedullary nailing of metaphyseal fractures may be associated with deformity as a result of instability after fixation. Our aim was to evaluate the clinical use of Poller screws (blocking screws) as a supplement to stability after fixation with statically locked intramedullary nails of small diameter.
We studied, prospectively, 21 tibial fractures, 10 in the proximal third and 11 in the distal third in 20 patients after the insertion of Poller screws over a mean period of 18.5 months (12 to 29).
All fractures had united. Healing was evident radiologically at a mean of 5.4 ± 2.1 months (3 to 12) with a mean varus-valgus alignment of −1.0° (−5 to 3) and mean antecurvatum-recurvatum alignment of 1.6° (−6 to 11). The mean loss of reduction between placement of the initial Poller screw and follow-up was 0.5° in the frontal plane and 0.4° in the sagittal plane. There were no complications related to the Poller screw.
The clinical outcome, according to the Karström-Olerud score, was not influenced by previous or concomitant injuries in 18 patients and was judged as excellent in three (17%), good in seven (39%), satisfactory in six (33%), fair in one (6%), and poor in one (6%).
- Received March 11, 1999.
- Accepted April 29, 1999.
- © 1999 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery