We describe the results of 50 operations carried out on 46 patients with medial osteoarthritis of the knee of Ahlbäck grade 1 to 3. Patients were randomised either to a closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) or an open-wedge procedure based on the hemicallotasis technique (HCO). Their median age was 55 years (38 to 68). The preoperative median hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle was 171° (164 to 176) in the HTO group and 173° (165 to 179) in the HCO group. After six weeks, the median HKA angle was 185° (176 to 194) in the HTO group and 184° (181 to 188) in the HCO group. In the HTO group, seven patients were within the range of 182° to 186° compared with 21 in the HCO group (p < 0.001). One year later, ten HTO patients were within this range while the HKA angulation in the HCO group was unchanged. At two years the numbers were 11 and 18, respectively.
We evaluated the clinical results on the Hospital for Special Surgery, Lysholm and Wallgren-Tegner activity scores, and patients completed part of the Nottingham Health Profile questionnaire. An impartial observer at the two-year follow-up concluded that all scores had improved, but found no clinical differences between the groups.
- Received March 11, 1998.
- Accepted August 17, 1998.
- © 1999 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery