We classified fixed pelvic obliquity in patients after poliomyelitis into two major types according to the level of the pelvis relative to the short leg. Each type was then divided into four subtypes according to the direction and severity of the scoliosis.
In 46 patients with type-I deformity the pelvis was lower and in nine with type II it was higher on the short-leg side. Subtype-A deformity was a straight spine with a compensatory angulation at the lower lumbar level, mainly at L4-L5, subtype B was a mild scoliosis with the convexity to the short-leg side, subtype C was a mild scoliosis with the convexity opposite the short-leg side, and subtype D was a moderate to severe paralytic scoliosis with the convexity to the short-leg side in type I and to the opposite side in type II.
A combination of surgical procedures improved the obliquity in most patients. These included lumbodorsal fasciotomy, abductor fasciotomy and stabilisation of the hip by triple innominate osteotomy with or without transiliac lengthening. In patients with type ID or type IID appropriate spinal fusion was usually necessary.
- Received July 1, 1996.
- Accepted October 3, 1996.
- © 1997 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery