In 50 patients with non-infected total hip arthroplasties (THA), 233 C-reactive protein (CRP) values were obtained over a three-year period. Six of these 50 patients occasionally had CRP values of over 20 mg/l. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and CRP concentration were measured in 23 patients with deep infections of THA before revision. In 11 patients the infections were caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci. CRP exceeded 20 mg/l in 18 patients and the ESR was more than 30 mm/hr in 14. In only one infected patient were both CRP and ESR below these levels. All of 33 patients with non-septic loosening had CRP less than 20 mg/l and ESR less than 30 mm/hr before revision. C-reactive protein seems to be a valuable supplement to the ESR in the monitoring of infection after THA.